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Who Painted The ScreamNorwegian artist Edvard Munch is who painted the scream, and more importantly created an entire series based on it. Not just any painter could be the scream artist, and it took the unique vision of Munch to really bring this creative idea into the spotlight. He was an expressionist artist as henri matisse and marc chagall that finished painting the scream in 1893, with several versions of the piece making their way through exhibitions. By using various media types to show off Edvard Munch’s latest work, it received a lot of positive coverage for being daring and unique in its vision. The scream artist is not only responsible for creating one of the most expensive paintings of all time, but also one of the most talked about like Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. Even to this day the meaning of the painting is disputed among millions of people, and even in popular media the painting has created a lot of interesting views and painting portraits. While the public clamored for the paintings, so did thieves, and it became only a handful of high profile paintings to be the subject of multiple thievery attempts. This speaks volumes to the value of the painting, on both a personal and professional level in the industry.
The Scream PriceThe pastel on board version of the scream sold for a record $119 million dollars at Sotheby’s in 2012. But the oil painting reproduction of the scream price at The-Scream-Painting.org is starting from only $39. At the time, the scream price was one of the highest in the art world, even among older paintings as The Birth of Venus and Manet Olympia. Over the years very few paintings have entered the same elite multimillion dollar category, at least as high as the scream. Purchased by Leon Black at Sotheby’s in London, it was the prized possession of Petter Olsen before it exchanged hands. With a starting price of only $40 million, it took only 12 minutes for the final bid to come in and break the record.
The ScreamBeyond the fame by price, the artworks paintings have made an impact socially to millions of people. The expressionist formation of the series couldn’t have gone any better for Munch. It is the most recognizable painting The Scream in the world, and even started a surge of scream art, or paintings of abnormal nature like Starry Night Van Gogh and Melting Clocks. Not a lot of people know that Scream Munch came in four different versions. They each provide their own story, and even though they’re split up across the world, there is still that unmistakable look about it.
Of the various media used to create Scream, Munch used four using paintings and pastels. The original German title of the painting roughly translates to The Scream of Nature. Munch, Scream and all of his work has been appreciated by not only people in the art world like salvador dali or pablo picasso, but outside of it. By creating multiple versions of the painting he was able to capitalize on Munch The Scream as a brand, making him an incredibly unique artist at the time. People took notice of not only his painting, and also made note of how he introduced a new dimension to the art world. The fourth version which was pastel sold for a record multimillion dollar price, which is nothing new for the fabulous Sotheby’s. Edvard Munch The Scream is popular at their Impressionist and Modern Art auctions as Van Gogh Sunflowers and Monet Water Lilies, which is why the initial bidding was already in the millions. It was also helpful how the paintings were created, and at one point the screaming man painting had its materials examined. A lengthy pigment analysis showed a lot of famous pigments from the 19th century, with a familiarity in type with other artists of that era. This find only legitimized the history of the painting and how important it was to own.
Other types of media that Edvard Munch Scream has had an impact on is movies and television. None have been more iconic than Andy Warhol’s silk prints that copied The Scream, with a sole intention of making it into a mass reproducible product like Picasso Guernica or Persistence Of Memory. His efforts at desacralizing the original painting was both controversial and oddly therapeutic to The Scream Painting as a whole in the early eighties. Post-modern art was gifted with The Second Scream and Ding Dong, both direct descendants of Scream Munch by a different artist. Postmodern artist Erro’s pieces were featured in multiple documentaries, showing the major differences between his work and Munch’s toperfect reviews. The incredibly popular Home Alone franchise modeled one of its posters after scream painting. It was star Macaulay Culkin that took on the iconic scream face, one that many recognized from the paintings. Cartoon compilations from Gary Larson called The Whine were direct tributes to the original painting The Scream. But possibly the most lucrative and famous movie depictions of them all included the Scream series by Wes Craven, which also turned into a television series later on. The mask worn by the killer was inspired from the scream painting, and is one of the most recognizable character masks in cinema as The Kiss Klimt. In advertising, the painting has been used hundreds of time in serious, political and even comedic forms. It is as ingrained in pop culture as the Mona Lisa, and continues to provide conversation about the style of Edvard Munch.
In literature and signs, the Munch The Scream has made just as many appearances as it did in the visual arts. Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep is a novel by Philip K. Dick that has a single paragraph directly dedicated to describing the painting, and turns into one of the more profound descriptions in the book that's different with Van Gogh Self Portrait and Creation of Adam. Online emoji’s from several different messaging programs have copied scream art, with a specific nod to it in some Unicode emoji renderings. And of course on the business from, the US Department of Energy uses a custom symbol based off of the painting to warn of danger. All of this attention to the painting has led to Edvard Munch The Scream being targeted by thieves, in all its forms, as Iris Van Gogh and Girl With A Pearl Earring.
The first theft was during the 1994 Winter Olympics, on the same day as the opening ceremony in Lillehammer. Munch Scream was stolen from the National Gallery in Oslo, specifically the tempera on cardboard version. Poor security led to the theft, as the Olympic Games led to the painting being moved to a less secure location for the festivities like to jack vettriano and tamara de lempicka. Because of the fame that followed Screaming Man Painting, the thieves asked for a million dollars in ransom money. The gallery refused, and it wasn’t until a sting operation later in the year that the painting was recovered. The second theft was ten years later in 2004, this time with the tempora on board version. This was also in Oslo, and included the theft of not only Edvard Munch Scream but also his Madonna, as well as Cafe Terrace at Night and Las Meninas. Taking place at the Munch Museum, it was one of the biggest capers in the history of the art world. It wasn’t until two years later that they recovered both paintings, with minor damage. As a show of good faith they put both works up for public viewing temporarily so that everyone could see the damages. Once they were taken down again to be restored, they returned to the museum with much tighter security as works of edward hopper, diego rivera and frida kahlo. This is a small sampling of why The Scream Price has sold for several million dollars, placing it high on the list of most expensive paintings of all time.
The Scream MeaningA lot of conversation has occurred over the years about the true meaning of the painting. Everything from the swirling sky in the background to the lone person clasping their face in agony has been dissected by several art analysts also to roy lichtenstein and norman rockwell. The screaming is so socially relevant that it is impossible to talk about social and political art without mentioning its name. One of the things that is always mentioned when talking about the painting is the era in which it was done at the end of the 19th century. This was a very important era in the art world, with his Scream Munch setting itself apart from painters that handled their subjects objectively. Since Edvard Munch referred to the Scream painting as his soul painting, like Night Watch to Rembrandt, the story of his own life is very much apparent in the brush strokes. Since this was about the time period that most artists were more concerned with technical prowess more than anything else, Edvard Munch Scream went in a different direction. It told the story of his life, personal struggles and even his own agony as a human being as joan miro or rene magritte. With all of the incredible stories being told about the struggles of painters both old and new, the scream painting is unique since its meaning is very much an autobiography of the artist that created it. For reference, in 1908 Munch had become acute due to drinking, anxiety and even anger issues. It was a debilitating circle that led to hallucinations, and eventually led to him checking in to a clinic. Even after a successful treatment, his past demons continued to haunt him on the road to recovery. The scream meaning comes down to finding out what made the artist who he was, and what he desired to escape from.
More Information about The Scream
Sources of inspiration
Among theories advanced to account for the reddish sky in the background is the artist's memory of the effects of the powerful volcanic eruption of Krakatoa, which deeply tinted sunset skies red in parts of the Western hemisphere for months during 1883 and 1884, about a decade before Munch painted The Scream. This explanation has been disputed by scholars as toperfect.com reviews & complaints, who note that Munch was an expressive painter and was not primarily interested in literal renderings of what he had seen. Alternatively, it has been suggested that the proximity of both a slaughterhouse and a lunatic asylum to the site depicted in the painting may have offered some inspiration. The scene was identified as being the view from a road overlooking Oslo, the Oslofjord and Hovedøya, from the hill of Ekeberg. At the time of painting the work, Munch's manic depressive sister Laura Catherine was a patient at the asylum at the foot of Ekeberg.
In 1978, the Munch scholar Robert Rosenblum suggested that the strange, sexless creature in the foreground of the painting was inspired by a Peruvian mummy as Primavera Botticelli and Impression Sunrise, which Munch could have seen at the 1889 Exposition Universelle in Paris. This mummy, which was buried in a fetal position with its hands alongside its face, also struck the imagination of Munch's friend Paul Gauguin: it stood as a model for figures in more than twenty of Gauguin's paintings, among those the central figure in his painting, Human misery (Grape harvest at Arles) and for the old woman at the left in Scream Munch, Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going?. In 2004, an Italian anthropologist speculated that Munch might have seen a mummy in Florence's Museum of Natural History as mentioned by toperfect.com reviews, which bears an even more striking resemblance to the painting. Nonetheless, later studies have confirmed Rosenblum's suggestion, disproving the Italian theory, for Munch had not been to Florence until after painting The Scream.
The imagery of The Scream has been compared to that which an individual suffering from depersonalization disorder experiences, a feeling of distortion of the environment and one's self, and also facial pain in the form of Trigeminal neuralgia.
The Scream has been the target of a number of thefts and theft attempts. Some damage has been suffered in these thefts.
On 12 February 1994, the same day as the opening of the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer, two men broke into the National Gallery, Oslo, and stole its version of Painting The Scream, leaving a note reading "Thanks for the poor security". The painting had been moved down to a second-story gallery as part of the Olympic festivities as Dogs Playing Poker. After the gallery refused to pay a ransom demand of US$1 million in March 1994, Norwegian police set up a sting operation with assistance from the British police (SO10) and the Getty Museum and the painting was recovered undamaged on 7 May 1994. In January 1996, four men were convicted in connection with the theft, including Pål Enger, who had been convicted of stealing Munch's Vampire in 1988. They were released on appeal on legal grounds: the British agents involved in the sting operation had entered Norway under false identities.
The 1910 tempera on board version of Edvard Munch The Scream was stolen on 22 August 2004, during daylight hours, when masked gunmen entered the Munch Museum in Oslo and stole it and Munch's Madonna. A bystander photographed the robbers as they escaped to their car with the artwork. On 8 April 2005, Norwegian police arrested a suspect in connection with the theft, but the oil paintings for sale remained missing and it was rumored that they had been burned by the thieves to destroy evidence. On 1 June 2005, with four suspects already in custody in connection with the crime, the city government of Oslo offered a reward of 2 million Norwegian krone (roughly US$313,500 or €231,200) for information that could help locate the paintings. Although the paintings remained missing, six men went on trial in early 2006, variously charged with either helping to plan or participating in the robbery. Three of the men were convicted and sentenced to between four and eight years in prison in May 2006, and two of the convicted, Bjørn Hoen and Petter Tharaldsen, were also ordered to pay compensation of 750 million kroner (roughly US$117.6 million or €86.7 million) to the City of Oslo. The Munch Museum was closed for ten months for a security overhaul.
On 31 August 2006, Norwegian police announced that a police operation had recovered both Screaming Man Painting and Madonna, but did not reveal detailed circumstances of the recovery like Liberty Leading the People. The paintings were said to be in a better-than-expected condition. "We are 100 percent certain they are the originals," police chief Iver Stensrud told a news conference. "The damage was much less than feared." Munch Museum director Ingebjørg Ydstie confirmed the condition of the paintings, saying it was much better than expected and that the damage could be repaired. The Scream Art had moisture damage on the lower left corner, while Madonna suffered several tears on the right side of the painting as well as two holes in Madonna's arm. Before repairs and restoration began, the paintings were put on public display by the Munch Museum beginning 27 September 2006. During the five-day exhibition, 5,500 people viewed the damaged paintings. The conserved works went back on display on 23 May 2008, when the exhibition "Scream and Madonna — Revisited" at the Munch Museum in Oslo displayed the paintings together. Some damage to Edvard Munch Scream may prove impossible to repair, but the overall integrity of the work has not been compromised.
In popular culture
In the late twentieth century, Scream Painting was imitated, parodied, and (following its copyright expiration) outright copied, which led to it acquiring an iconic status in popular culture. It was used on the cover of some editions of Arthur Janov's book The Primal Scream. In 1983–1984, pop artist andy warhol made a series of silk prints copying works by Munch, including The Scream. His stated intention was to desacralize the painting by making it into a mass-reproducible object. Munch had already begun that process, however, by making a lithograph of the work for reproduction. Erró's ironic and irreverent treatment of Munch's masterpiece in his acrylic paintings The Second Scream (1967) and Ding Dong (1979) is considered a characteristic of post-modern contemporary art for sale. The expression of Kevin McCallister (Macaulay Culkin) in the poster for the movie Home Alone was inspired by The Scream. Cartoonist Gary Larson included a "tribute" to The Scream Painting (entitled The Whine) in his Wiener Dog Art painting and cartoon compilation, in which the central figure is replaced by a howling dachshund. The Scream has been used in advertising, in cartoons such as The Simpsons, films, and on television. The principal alien antagonists depicted in the 2011 BBC series of Doctor Who, named "The Silence", have an appearance partially based on The Scream. The Ghostface mask worn by the primary antagonists of the Scream series of horror movies is based on the painting, and was created by Brigitte Sleiertin, a Fun World employee, as a Halloween costume, prior to being discovered by Marianne Maddalena and Wes Craven for the film.
In 2013, Painting The Scream was one of four paintings that the Norwegian postal service chose for a series of stamps marking the 150th anniversary of Edvard Munch’s birth.
A patient resource group for trigeminal neuralgia (which has been described as the most painful condition in existence) have also adopted the image as a symbol of the condition.
In "The Missing Scream of Munch", an episode of the anime Detective Conan, the disappearance of The Scream provides the main part of the plot.
The painting features in chapter 12 of Philip K. Dick's novel, Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? The two bounty hunters, Deckard and Resch are on the trail of Luba Luft, a suspect android. The painting is described as follows: "The painting showed a hairless, oppressed creature with a head like an inverted pear, its hands clapped in horror to its ears, its mouth open in a vast soundless scream. Twisted ripples of the creature's torment, echoes of its cry, flooded out into the air surrounding it: the man or woman, whichever it was, had become contained by its own howl."
US Department of Energy Scream
A simplified version of the subject of the painting is one of the pictographs considered by the US Department of Energy for use as a non-language-specific symbol of danger in order to warn future human civilizations of the presence of radioactive waste.
In 2016, Good Smile Company produced a figma action figure based on The Scream.